Zero Point Of History
Last update: 28 February 2021
History's Zero Point Göbeklitepe!
Göbeklitepe or Göbekli Tepe is the oldest known collection of cult structures in the world, located near the village of Örencik, approximately 22 km northeast of the provincial center of Şanlıurfa. A common feature of these structures is that 10-12 obelisks in The Shape of a T are arranged in a round plan, and between them are built with a stone wall. In the center of this structure, two obelisks of higher height are placed mutually. Many of these obelisks depict people, hands and arms, various animals and abstract symbols, embossed or carved.The motifs in question have been used too intensively to be an ornament in places. This composition is thought to express a story, a narrative, or a message.In animal motifs, bull, wild boar, fox, snake, wild duck and vulture are the most common motifs.It is described as a cult center, not a settlement. It is understood that the cult structures here were built by the last groups of hunters who were close to agriculture and animal husbandry.In other words, Göbekli Tepe is an important cult Center for hunter-gatherer groups that have a highly developed and deep-rooted belief system in the surrounding area.In this case, it is suggested that the earliest use of the region dates back to the phase of the Pottery-free Neoltic age (9,600-7,300 BC), that is, at least 11,600 years before today.However, it is not possible to date the oldest activities in Göbekli Tepe., but looking at these monumental structures, it is believed that it has a history dating back to the Paleolithic Age, going back several millennia to the Epipaleolithic.It is understood that the use of Göbekli Tepe as a cult center continued until around 8 thousand BC and was abandoned after these dates, and was not used for other or similar purposes.
All these and the monumental architecture uncovered during the excavations make Göbekli Tepe unique and special. In this context, it was placed on the World Heritage Tentative List by UNESCO in 2011 and placed on the Permanent List in 2018.
The obelisks in question are interpreted as stylized human sculptures. In particular, the human hand and arm motifs found on the body of the Central obelisks of structure D eliminate any doubts about this issue. Therefore, the concept of" obelisk " is used as an auxiliary concept that does not specify a function. Essentially, these"obelisks" are sculpted in a stylized style that depicts the human body in three dimensions.
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